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URBAN SECTOR

MACHU PICCHU

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Machu Picchu
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the first contact

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Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
    The Citadel
    Outstanding Symbol of
Andean Culture will be
an Eternal Mistery

    Location, Population
and General Information

    Biodiversity
Machu Picchu Engineering and Architecture
    Description of the
Citadel

    Machu Picchu
Construction Planning

    Sectors in Machu
Picchu

     - Agricultural Sector
     - Urban Sector
    Machu Picchu
Architectural features

Attractions in Machu Picchu Surroundings
    Huayna Picchu
    The Moon Temple
    Intipuncu
    The Drawbridge
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   Mandor Waterfalls
   Hot Springs
Machu Picchu
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History of the Inca Empire or Tahuantinsuyo
    Ayar Brothers
Empire Creation Myth

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Chanka attack on
Cusco

    The first Conquest
of Pachacutec

    The Planning of the
new Cusco

    The Conquests of
Capac Yupanqui

    The Conquests of
Tupac Yupanqui

    Government of
Huayna Capac

    Huascar's Government
    The Inca Empire Fall
    Manco Inca and
Tupac Amaru Rebellions
XVI Century

    The Great Rebellion
of the 18th Century

Machu Picchu
Adventure Travel
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MACHU PICCHU MACHU PICCHU MACHU PICCHU

URBAN SECTOR


Agricultural Sector
Urban Sector
  • The City's Main
         Gateway
  • The Sun Temple
  • The Intiwatana
  • The Fountain Street
  • The Main Temple
  • Royal Mausoleum
  • The Ņusta's Palace
  • The Sacred Plaza
  • The Three Windowed
         Temple
  • The Dry Moat
  • The Prison
  • Industrial Sector
  • The District of the
         Three Identical
         Doorways
  • The Sacred Monolith
  • The Upper and Lower
         Cemeteries
  • This sector, clearly separated from the previous one by a great perimetral wall, was accessed through a beautiful, double-jambed stone gateway - a typical feature of Inca architecture - giving access to the road from Cusco. This sector consists of 172 rooms of different shapes and sizes, communicated by 109 stairways enabling one to climb the steep hillsides.

    The districts
    The rooms are grouped as "districts", each with its specific function according to characteristic shapes and the cultural evidence from excavations.

    For example, one sector was no doubt destined for storerooms for the corn or coca harvests from the agricultural terraces.

    Another sector is more remarkable for the number of grain milling mortars (16) probably intended for production of chicha (corn beer) which is still widely used in the religious festivities in the Andes.

    A third sector consists of homes of people who carried out specialized production activities, were in charge of religious ritual or agricultural labor.


    The finish
    Some of the rooms are outstanding for the fine finish of their walls, comparable to the exquisite buildings in Cusco, such as Coricancha or Acllahuasi. These were, perhaps, the most important buildings in this place.


    The great plaza and the sacramental areas
    The urban sector of living quarters is completed with the great central public plaza and two smaller ones. There are also some other buildings of an evidently ceremonial nature, that complete the urban sector.

    Outstanding among these are the Temple of the Three Windows and the Intihuatana (5), a specially carved stone for making astronomical observations and chronological measurements. Here also is found a complex ritual system of baths and water fountains. Undeniably, Machu Picchu contains a series of buildings and viewing areas that shed light on Inca beliefs.

    The citadel itself is an accurate reflection of their beliefs. It has a "U-shaped" ground plan. It consists of two series of buildings that lie on the edge of the precipice at either side of the plaza or Chaupipata, which has a north-south axis. The urban sector contains several temples, clusters of living areas and workshops.

    Machu Picchu contains all the main buildings typical of a city, displaying the talents, skills and quality of the work produced by its pre-hispanic builders, since the stone used is all granite which is considerably harder than the building stone used in Cusco.



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