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SECTORS IN MACHU PICCHU

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the first contact

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Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
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Andean Culture will be
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and General Information

    Biodiversity
Machu Picchu Engineering and Architecture
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Citadel

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Construction Planning

    Sectors in Machu
Picchu

     - Agricultural Sector
     - Urban Sector
    Machu Picchu
Architectural features

Attractions in Machu Picchu Surroundings
    Huayna Picchu
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    The Drawbridge
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   Mandor Waterfalls
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Machu Picchu
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History of the Inca Empire or Tahuantinsuyo
    Ayar Brothers
Empire Creation Myth

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Chanka attack on
Cusco

    The first Conquest
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new Cusco

    The Conquests of
Capac Yupanqui

    The Conquests of
Tupac Yupanqui

    Government of
Huayna Capac

    Huascar's Government
    The Inca Empire Fall
    Manco Inca and
Tupac Amaru Rebellions
XVI Century

    The Great Rebellion
of the 18th Century

Machu Picchu
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MACHU PICCHU MACHU PICCHU MACHU PICCHU

SECTORS IN MACHU PICCHU


Agricultural Sector
Urban Sector
  • The City's Main
         Gateway
  • The Sun Temple
  • The Intiwatana
  • The Fountain Street
  • The Main Temple
  • Royal Mausoleum
  • The Đusta's Palace
  • The Sacred Plaza
  • The Three Windowed
         Temple
  • The Dry Moat
  • The Prison
  • Industrial Sector
  • The District of the
         Three Identical
         Doorways
  • The Sacred Monolith
  • The Upper and Lower
         Cemeteries
  • As a populated center, the archaeological complex of Machu Picchu, covering approximately 20 hectares, is divided into two major sectors, two well-differentiated areas that are constructed on a natural division, taking advantage of a geological fault:

    1.- Towards the south, the agricultural or crop growing sector, which includes a vast network of platforms or wide artificial terraces, most of them covered with thick vegetation, is all there is left to show of the original crop terracing in this area. It is located beyond the entrance to the tourist hotel.On the eastern end of the terraces there are five buildings that may have been used to lodge the farmers that grew crops in this area.

    These are the buildings known as the "Farmers' Group", although Bingham calls them the "External Barracks". At the top of this terracing there is a small, three-walled building which apparently was a guard post, built at a strategic point, as its picturesque view commands the Urubamba canyon on both sides.

    2.- To the north, the urban sector, formed by different buildings and plazas, among which figure notably the so-called circular Sun Temple, the Intiwatana or sundial, the Temple of the Three Windows, the Main Temple and the so-called Cˇndor Sector.

    Likewise, there is an impressive monolith some 3 meters high by 7 meters broad, known as the Sacred Rock. This sector is divided into 3 major areas for the ritual places (temples, monuments and funeral chambers) and the civil sector (with a series of rooms, halls, silos, etc.).

    The Sacred District, including the Intiwatana, the Sun Temple and the Three-Window Room.

    The Priests' and Nobles' District (a residential area)

    The People's District, in the south of the city, where ordinary civil dwellings may be found.

    However, functionally this included other places which were used as the topography allowed, and were not necessarily inhabited, such as Huayna Picchu, the Moon Temple, Intipunku and the Drawbridge. As the only fertile soil in the whole area is that which was taken to the terraces, it is considered that the city did not have a large population the year round.




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