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Engineering and Architecture The Historical Sanctuary Dicovery of Machu Picchu Machu Picchu
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HISTORICAL SANCTUARY OF
MACHU PICCHU

PERU

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Machu Picchu
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  Machu Picchu History Briefing
    Machu Picchu
Foundation

    Machu Picchu Final
Days
Discovery of
Machu Picchu
    Who Hiram Bingham
was

    Organizing the
Expedition. Giesecke,
the first contact

    The Confrontation for
Recognition

    Government Expeditions
    Cultural Pillaging
Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
    The Citadel
    Outstanding Symbol of
Andean Culture will be
an Eternal Mistery

    Location, Population
and General Information

    Biodiversity
Machu Picchu Engineering and Architecture
    Description of the
Citadel

    Machu Picchu
Construction Planning

    Sectors in Machu
Picchu

     - Agricultural Sector
     - Urban Sector
    Machu Picchu
Architectural features

Attractions in Machu Picchu Surroundings
    Huayna Picchu
    The Moon Temple
    Intipuncu
    The Drawbridge
    Inca Trail
   Mandor Waterfalls
   Hot Springs
Machu Picchu
Pictures & Photos
History of the Inca Empire or Tahuantinsuyo
    Ayar Brothers
Empire Creation Myth

    The Legend of the
Chanka attack on
Cusco

    The first Conquest
of Pachacutec

    The Planning of the
new Cusco

    The Conquests of
Capac Yupanqui

    The Conquests of
Tupac Yupanqui

    Government of
Huayna Capac

    Huascar's Government
    The Inca Empire Fall
    Manco Inca and
Tupac Amaru Rebellions
XVI Century

    The Great Rebellion
of the 18th Century

Machu Picchu
Adventure Travel
Machu Picchu
Tourist Information
   How to get there
   Climate and Health


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MACHU PICCHU MACHU PICCHU MACHU PICCHU

Without a shade of doubt, the Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (HSMP) is the most important tourist attraction in Peru. It is located in the department of Cusco, on a high mountain in the lush Amazon forest. Machu Picchu owes most of its beauty and charm to its gorgeous natural setting: mountain woods blending with this historical sanctuary's rich flora and fauna.

On January 8th, 1981, with Supreme Law Nš 021-81 -AA, the Peruvian government established the Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu to preserve its archaeological monuments and valuable Pre-Hispanic remains, as well as the landscape and wild flora and fauna species in the area.

Covering an area of 32,592 hectares, it is among one of the world's wonders and in 1983 was declared to be the "Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity" by UNESCO.

The Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu not only preserves geological formations and archaeological remains within the Sanctuary, but also the unique flora and fauna and spectacular landscape of the surrounding woods.

The Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is an invaluable archaeological discovery, symbolizing both Peru and the Andean region. It is the natural habitat of wild flora and fauna, and helps protect the archaeological remains placed inside.

OBJECTIVES DEFINED FOR THE AREA ACCORDING TO THE HISTORICAL SANCTUARY OF MACHU PICCHU
MASTER PLAN

  • Protecting the natural environment and landscape as well as the archaeological monuments and other cultural assets.
  • Conserving the natural ecosystems as well as native species of flora and fauna, seeking restoration of the ecological balance.
  • Restoring the examples of integrated use of ecosystems, as the Inca civilization had created them
  • Restoring the original pre-Hispanic management and hydraulic engineering technology to enhance the conservation of soil and water and reintroduce the Andean crops.
  • Promoting scientific research in biology, history, archaeology and anthropology
  • Fostering the development of tourism and recreational use of the area, thereby generating income for the region and the country, in a sustainable way, maintaining ecological balance and the scenic beauty of the spot.
  • Making it possible for visitors to enjoy themselves, while obtaining deeper knowledge of the cultural values and history of the area.




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