HISTORY OF THE INCA EMPIRE or TAHUANTINSUYO
THE CONQUESTS OF CAPAC YUPANQUI
As Inca Pachacutec was kept busy by his improvements
in Cusco, he no longer had time to go on his forays. Due to this,
and as his own children were still too small to carry out royal
duties, he entrusted his own brother, Capac Yupanqui,
with an expedition to the coast, to visit the prosperous kingdom
This first meeting with the "Chinchans" is strongly marked by the
attempt to establish a friendly relationship with them, rather than
overcome them by conquest. When he arrived to Chincha, Capac
Yupanqui declared his intention was no other than that
of obtaining their acceptance of the authority of Cusco, and showed
the magnificence of the Inca by showering their curacas with costly
gifts. The coastal tribes were happy to recognize the Inca's authority
as the price to continue with their peaceful way of life.
The coastal tribes' prosperity derived from their trade using ocean-based rafts with the northern coast towns in present-day Ecuador. What is more, these "indian-style merchants" kept up a thriving land-based trade route with flocks of camelids (alpaca, guanaco, vicuña) to the cities of Collao and Cusco.
Only later on, during the reign of Tupac Yupanqui, would these territories be properly annexed.
The second excursion by General Capac Yupanqui
Some time after the coastal expedition, the Inca gathered his armies for General Capac Yupanqui to lead an expedition of conquest along the road of the Chinchaysuyo, in other words, towards the heights of the sierra.
Near Huamanga, the natives of Parcos resisted in the fortress of
Urco Cóllac. Among Capac Yupanqui's troops there
was a Chanca chief called Anco Ayllo, who was commander of a contingent
of Chancas. Under his orders, they led an assault on the rebel fortress
with great bravery, capturing it.
This piece of news infuriated Pachacutec, because he considered
that a Chanca victory reflected poorly on the Cusco Orejones (big-ears),
so he sent a message to Capac Yupanqui with an
order to exterminate all the Chancas. However, a report of this
reached the ears of the General's concubine, who was a sister to
Anco Ayllo. The woman advised him of the intention of the Cusco
soldiers, so the Chanca chief decided to flee with his troops to
an area in the jungle where they would be safe from pursuit.
At that time, the Chancas were on the sierra of Huánuco, so they
silently left at nighttime with their blongings for the warm lands
of Rupa Rupa. When the Inca general discovered their desertion,
he pursued them without success. After that, Capac Yupanqui
continued his forced march along the sierra to the locality of Cajamarca,
disobeying Pachacutec's instructions.
This spot was governed by Gusmango Capac, who for this occasion
made an alliance with the Chimú, and awaited the arrival of the
Inca armies together with them. Despite their vast number, Capac
Yupanqui was victorious and obtained a fabulous booty that
amazed the Cusco troops and was laid out on the plaza of Cajamarca.
It seems that the general boasted that he had obtained greater treasures
than his brother, the Inca.
Only then did Capac Yupanqui take the return road to Cusco with
his spoils. When he was at Limatambo, messengers arrived from the
Inca, ordering the general's capture and sentencing him to death
for refusing to destroy the Chancas. According to the Inca tradition,
Capac Yupanqui's victory gave him the skill and prestige
necessary to lead a successful uprising against the sovereign.